Country: Nepal
Area: 147141 Sq KMs
Coordinates: 28°00′N 84°00′E
Capital: Kathmandu
Government: Federal parliamentary republic
Monetary unit: Nepalese rupees
Religion: 81.3% Hinduism, 9% Buddhism rest Islam, Kirant, Christianity, Animism and No religion.
Time Standard: + 5:45 of GMT
Population: 29.4 Million


Nepal is located in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. The total land area is 147,181 sq. km including water area of the country that is 3,830 sq. km. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).

Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with their geographical features. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in the south summers are tropical and winters are mild. Nepal has five seasons: spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter. In the Terai (south Nepal), summer temperatures exceed 37° C and winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys, summers are temperate while winter temperatures can plummet under sub zero. The Kathmandu Valley has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively. Eighty percent of all the rain in Nepal is received during the monsoon (June-September).

The best time to visit most of the trekking areas in Nepal is during spring and autumn. Spring is the time for rhododendrons while the clearest skies are found after the monsoon in October and November. However, Nepal can be visited the whole year round.

Average temperatures and rainfall during peak summer and winter in three most popular tourist areas:



Summer (May, June, July) Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb)
Max (°C)   Min (°C) Rain (mm) Max (°C)   Min (°C) Rain (mm)
Kathmandu   28.1   19.5   312   19.3   3.0   15.4
Pokhara   29.7   21.3   829.7   20.3   7.7   26.3
Chitwan   33.0   25.3   404.0   24.1   8.3   13.8



A visa for Nepal can be obtained on arrival at the Tribhuvan International Airport Kathmandu and other border entry points. Minimum 6 months Valid Passport and a passport size photograph is required.

Tourist Visa Nepal

Visa Facility Duration
Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency


The only international airport in Nepal is Kathmandu’s Tribhuvan International Airport. There are flights to Kathmandu from around the globe including :  1. Royal Nepal airlines 2. Qatar Airlines 3. Ethiad airlines 4. Turkish airlines  5. Fly dubai 6. Malayasian Airlines 7. Malindo Air 8. Silk Air/ Singapore airlines 9. Cathy Pacific  10. Oman air 11. China easter airlines 12. Air China 13.Thai airways 14. Air India 15. air asia 16. Jet airways 17. indigo air 18. Durk air 19. Tashi air (bhuan airlines) 20. Korean air 21. Sichuan airlines 22. Himalayan Air 23. China southern airlines